The St. Cyril Belozero Monastery. The Dormition Cathedral. The cathedral follows the best early Moscow traditions

The St. Cyril Belozero Monastery. The Dormition Cathedral

The cathedral follows the best early Moscow traditions





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Dionisy

Ferapontov Monastery

Museum of Frescoes




The St. Cyril Belozero (Kirillo-Belozersky) Monastery. The Dormition Cathedral. 1497

A view of the St. Cyril Belozero Monastery

A view of the St. Cyril Belozero Monastery

The monastery was founded near Belozero by St. Cyril of Belozero, who came to the region together with St. Ferapont from the Moscow Simonov Monastery in the early 15th century. Owing to St. Cyril’s personal charisma and intellect the monastery from the very beginning became the most important cultural and religious centre of Rus.

The St. Cyril Belozero Monastery is the largest in Europe. It occupies the area of 12 hectares. For centuries it accumulated numerous pieces of art either created here or brought over from all over Russia.

St. Cyril of Belozero with scenes from his life. Dionisy and his studio. Early 16th century

St. Cyril of Belozero with scenes from his life. Dionisy and his studio. Early 16th century

First Moscow grand princes, later tsars lavishly endowed the monastery as the most venerated place of worship. Here books were copied and illuminated, annuals  compiled, and theological disputes held.

In the late 15th and 16th centuries a well-known calligrapher Efrosin, prince-monk Vassian Patrikeev, Gury Tushin worked here. By the middle of the 17th century, the richest monastery library numbered around 2000 books. Among them was the personal library of St. Cyril of Belosero, which consisted of 12 volumes that fortunately survived.

The principal cathedral of the monastery is the Assumption Cathedral that was erected by architect Prokhor of Rostov in 1497.

The ancient iconostasis, made by the most skillful masters of Rus, consisted of the Sovereign, Deesis, Feasts and Prophets tiers sitting on painted beams. Most of the icons (about 60) are extant.

The Sovereign tier contained icons ascribed to Dionisy and painters of his studio. They are St. Cyril of Belosero and St. Cyril of Belozero with scenes from his life.

Both of them are in the Russian State Museum now.

Experts know of around ten cathedrals whose walls were painted by Dionisy. Some of the painter’s works are lost for good; some have been preserved by restorers

The St. Paphnutius Borovsk (Pafnutiev-Borovsky) MonasteryThe St. Paphnutius Borovsk (Pafnutiev-Borovsky) Monastery. The Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin. Between 1467 and 1476

The Moscow KremlinThe Moscow Kremlin. The Cathedral of the Dormition. 1480-1481

The Saviour Kamenny (Spaso-Kamenny) MonasteryThe Saviour Kamenny (Spaso-Kamenny) Monastery. The Saviour Transfiguration Cathedral. 1481

The Moscow Kremlin. The Ascension MonasteryThe Moscow Kremlin. The Ascension Monastery. The Ascension Cathedral. 1482

The St. Joseph Volokolamsk (Iosifo-Volokolamsky) MonasteryThe St. Joseph Volokolamsk (Iosifo-Volokolamsky) Monastery. The Cathedral of the Dormition. After 1485

The Chigasov Monastery. The Saviour Transfiguration Cathedral. The late 1480s

The St. Paul Obnorsk (Pavlo-Obnorsky) Monastery. The Trinity Cathedral. 1500

The St. Ferapont Belozero (Ferapontov Belozersky) MonasteryThe St. Ferapont Belozero (Ferapontov Belozersky) Monastery. The Cathedral of the Virgin Nativity. 1502

The St. Cyril Belozero (Kirillo-Belozersky) MonasteryThe St. Cyril Belozero (Kirillo-Belozersky) Monastery. The Dormition Cathedral. 1497

The Saviour Priluki  (Spaso-Prilutsky) MonasteryThe Saviour Priluki (Spaso-Prilutsky) Monastery. The Saviour Transfiguration Cathedral. 1503

Only the wall painting of the Virgin Nativity Cathedral of the St. Ferapont Belozero Monastery has survived in full and intact

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According to historical documents, the following works of Dionisy (the dates indicate the year of their painting) are known:

The St. Paphnutius Borovsk (Pafnutiev-Borovsky) Monastery. The Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin. Between 1467 and 1476

The Moscow Kremlin. The Cathedral of the Dormition. 1480-1481

The Saviour Kamenny (Spaso-Kamenny) Monastery. The Saviour Transfiguration Cathedral. 1481

The Moscow Kremlin. The Ascension Monastery. The Ascension Cathedral. 1482

The St. Joseph Volokolamsk (Iosifo-Volokolamsky) Monastery. The Cathedral of the Dormition. After 1485

The Chigasov Monastery. The Saviour Transfiguration Cathedral. The late 1480s

The St. Paul Obnorsk (Pavlo-Obnorsky) Monastery. The Trinity Cathedral. 1500

The St. Ferapont Belozero (Ferapontov Belozersky) Monastery. The Cathedral of the Virgin Nativity. 1502

The St. Cyril Belozero (Kirillo-Belozersky) Monastery. The Dormition Cathedral. 1497

The Saviour Priluki (Spaso-Prilutsky) Monastery. The Saviour Transfiguration Cathedral. 1503

Cyril of Belozero. Dionisy

Cyril of Belozero. Dionisy

See also:

Dionisy’s sons Theodosius and Vladimir

Milestones of the St. Ferapont Belozero Monastery

St. Cyril of Belozero

St. Ferapont of Mozhaisk (Belozero), Miracle-worker from Luzhki

The Simonov Monastery



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