(† 444), archbishop, headed the Alexandrian Church for 32 years. He led struggle against the Novitian and Nestorian heresies as well as that of pagans and Jews. At the 3rd Ecumenical Council where he clamoured against Nestorius, Cyril was imprisoned by the emperor Theodosius the Younger, but was later freed, the work proceeded and the Council condemned Nestorius.
Cyril’s legacy consists of numerous writings: commentaries on the Gospels, five books against Nestorians, works on the Holy Trinity etc. Feast day: 9 (22) June and 18 January jointly with Athanasius of Alexandria.